مقایسه هنجار استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری (LASSI) و رابطه آن با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

عضو هیات علمی

چکیده

چکیده: استراتژی‎های یادگیری یک موضوع مهمی است که توجه بسیاری از محققان را در دهه‎های اخیر به خود جلب کرده است. به این ترتیب این تحقیق نیز با هدف مقایسه هنجار استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری (LASSI) و بررسی رابطه آن با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان انجام شده است.نوع تحقیق همبستگی و جامعه‎ی آماری پژوهش کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مازندران و حجم نمونه بر اساس فرمول نسبت 386 نفر به‎صورت تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. مؤلفه‌های اصلی استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری با استفاده از پرسش‎نامه استاندارد شده استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری (LASSI)مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفت. با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون، رابطه سه مؤلفه‌ اصلی مهارت، اشتیاق و خودنظم‌دهی باپیشرفت تحصیلی (معدل کل ترم دانشجویان) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس و آزمون تعقیبی توکی مؤلفه‎های اصلی استراتژی‎های مطالعه و یادگیری در گروه‎های مختلف آموزشی مورد مقایسه قرار گرفت. یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که هر سه مؤلفه‌ اصلی استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری با پیشرفت تحصیلی رابطه معنی‌داری داشتند و سه مؤلفه اصلی استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری در بین گروه‌های مختلف آموزشی دانشجویان متفاوت بودند و نیمرخ استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری دانشجویان دختر و پسر در چندین حیطه متفاوت بودند، همچنین نیمرخ استراتژی‌های مطالعه و یادگیری دانشجویان با جدول نمونه هنجاری دانشجویان آمریکایی تفاوت‌های قابل ملاحظه‌ای دارند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Norm of Learning and Study Strategies (LASSI) and Students’ Academic Achievement

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Salehi
  • Taraneh Enayati
چکیده [English]

Abstract                                                                               
Learning strategies have been the focus of much attention during the last decades. This research has been done to study the relationship between learning and study strategies and academic achievement of students of Islamic Azad University (IAU) in Mazandaran province. Correlation was the method of the research and the population included all students studying in different branches of IAU in Mazandaran province. The sample consisted of 386 students who were selected using random sampling method. The main components of learning and study strategies were measured through the standard learning and study strategies inventory (LASSI). Through Pearson correlation, the relation between three main components of skill, will and self regulating with academic achievement (grade point average) were investigated. ANOVA and Tukey's tests were used to determine the effect of field of study on three main components of learning and study strategies. The findings revealed that there were statistically significant relationship between all three components of learning and study strategies with students’ academic achievement. Also, there were statistically significant differences between students based on field of study. Moreover, there were differences between profile of learning and study strategies of female and male students and also there was a considerable difference between profile of learning and study strategies of IAU students in Mazandaran province in Iran and the norm of American students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Norm
  • learning and study strategies
  • Academic Achievement
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