عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Abstract: Mental Health as one of the two pillars of health is the requirement of a good, effective and satisfactory life for an individual. Mental health for the members of any society, especially those effective and productive ones, is a requisite for dynamicity and development of them. Considering the prominent and unique role of students as future managers and creators of any society, the need to provide mental health and to identify and remove the negative factors affecting their mental health is necessary.The study was descriptive and the population included all the students enrolled in the universities in Ilam province in the academic year of 2009-10. The sample size consisted of 1000 students who were selected using stratified random sampling. General Health questionnaire (GHQ28) and Barahani's religious attitudes questionnaire were administered. Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient to determine the correlation between variables and t test for comparing boys and girls. Results indicated a significant relationship between subjects and the average score in General Health Questionnaire and their religious attitudes (t = -0.302 for the religious attitude, t=2.8 for mental health and P<0.005). Other findings indicated the differences between the mental health of students in different universities of Ilam province; female students, rather than male students, have higher mental health and better religious attitudes. Also, students who are living out of the dorms compared to students who are living in dormitories show a higher mental health and better religious attitude. Mental health is respectively high in Payam Noor University, Azad, Applied Science, Ilam, Ilam Medical Sciences, and Bakhtar universities, while regarding their religious attitudes, they are arranges as such respectively: Payame Noor, applied science, Azad, Ilam, Ilam Medical Sciences and Bakhtar universities. From the students' field of study perspective, students in art, basic science, engineering, humanities, agriculture, veterinary, and medical science have higher mental health respectively. In respect to their religious attitude, they are arranged as such: art, basic Science, engineering, humanities, agriculture, veterinary, and medical science. The results of descriptive statistics for the students' area of study show that while in mental health students in arts, basic sciences, engineering, humanities, agriculture and veterinary and medical sciences are respectively high, in their religious attitude, students in engineering, basic science, humanities, agriculture, veterinary, medicine science are better. The results indicate that students with better religious attitude enjoy greater mental health.