نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری روانشناسی و عضو هیئت علمی پردیس فرهنگیان ایلام
2 کارشناسی ارشد علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور میاندوآب، میاندوآب، ایران
3 دکتری روان شناسی، واحد شهر کرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شهر کرد، ایران
4 کارشناسی ارشد جامعه شناسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Border regions have always had opportunities and challenges due to their special conditions. The teaching-learning process is also very important in these areas due to the lack of research. Therefore, the main goal of the current research was to identify the opportunities and challenges of the teaching-learning process in the border areas of Ilam province. The method of the present study was qualitative according to the exploratory aspect. The study population included the border areas of Dehloran and Mehran cities in the academic year of 1400-401. Based on the theoretical saturation rule, 22 teachers were selected by purposive sampling. The research tool was semi-structured interviews with an average duration of 40 minutes per interview. The views of the participants and some professors were used to validate the findings. Also, for reliability, the text of several interviews was analyzed and the agreement coefficient between the coders was 87%. Coding date was also used to analyze the findings. The findings showed that the opportunities of the teaching-learning process in border areas include 5 central themes (utilizing the capacity of virtual education, "utilizing the provincial television network", "utilizing the capacity to purchase educational services", "utilizing the capacity of border settlements and exploiting the material benefits of established companies) and challenges. Includes 15 pivotal themes (Infrastructure and Weaknesses of Infrastructure), Effects of Geographical Isolation on Education ,Challenges Related to Trafficking Consequences of War , Distance from the Center Unculture of Cultural Workers to Serve in Border Areas Parents hindered interaction in education, "lack of standard educational spaces in border areas", "early marriage of schoolgirls", "early entry of children into the labor market", "cultural poverty of families", "institutional inefficiency and environmental challenges".